Alice Karle Art Appraiser
Fine, Modern & Decorative Art
Insurance – Trust – Donation
1 805 682-2234
Art Appraisal Gallery
Fine, Modern & Decorative Art
The Gallery contains examples from our Art Appraisal and Art Value assignments, including specialties such as Asian Art, Sterling Silver & Jewelry, and Rare Books. Many had histories or values the owners were unaware of prior to our evaluation. All appraisals are confidential. Values are given only for pieces with public records.
Items are not for Sale
Glossary Follows Gallery
For Art Appraisal & Art Value
A school of abstract painting developing primarily in New York in the 1940s and 1950s, expressing the subjective emotional viewpoint of the artist, and emphasizing the act of the spontaneous creation of art. Think Jackson Pollack.
Turning modernism into fashion, the Art Deco movement was prominent in the 1920s to 1940s. Art Deco was primarily concerned with architecture and the decorative arts, although there were also paintings in the style, such as the work of Tamara de Lempicka. Art Deco is named after the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes, held in Paris in 1925. However, the use of the term “Art Deco” began in the 1960s. The German Bauhaus occurs in a similar time frame as the French inspired Art Deco.
The term Art Nouveau was coined by the Parisian retailer Bing, the foremost proponent of the new style of decorative art, which reached its’ height in the early 20th century. The style is characterized by the use of whiplash curves, naturalism, and the artistic influence of Japan, combined with a romantic historicism. Some of the major figures of the period were Louis Marjorelle, the furniture designer; Émile Gallé, the pre–eminent artist of glass in the town of Nancy; Hector Guimard, designer of the entrance to the Paris Metro; the Czech born graphic artist Alphonse Mucha, and Victor Horta, the Belgian architect.
Associated Artists existed from 1879-1883. The group was headed by Louis Comfort Tiffany and included Lockwood de Forest, Candace Wheeler, and Samuel Coleman. In addition to his painting career, DeForest had set up a studio in India where he produced decorative metalwork, which he also employed as ornament on furniture of his own design, marketed through the Associated Artists. Candace Wheeler was a renowned textile designer. Samuel Coleman was an artist and interior designer, who worked extensively with Louis Comfort Tiffany.
A French school of art advocating close observation of nature and a realistic rather than idealized approach, the artist often painting en plein air. Gaining favor in the 1820s the Barbizon school eventually led to the development of Impressionism. Important Barbizon artists were Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, Théodore Rousseau, Paul Huet, Constant Troyon, Jean-François Millet, and Charles-François Daubigny.
Founded by Walter Gropius in Weimar, Germany, the Bauhaus existed from 1919-1933, when it was closed by the Nazi regime. Gropius’ intent was to create a unified approach to the fine and applied arts in a modern context, through a rigorous theoretical and practical program of instruction. Famous artist such as Paul Klee and Wassily Kandinsky taught at the Bauhaus. A number of important figures from the Bauhaus fled Europe ahead of the approaching war, and came to the United States where they were enormously influential. Walter Gropius taught at Harvard. Marcel Breuer also taught at Harvard and became part of the Harvard 5, a group of innovative architects building modernist homes in New Canaan, Connecticut in the 1940s-60s. Josef Albers, painter of the famous series “Homage to the Square” taught at Yale. The ground breaking textile artist and weaver, Anni Albers, came here. Moholy-Nagy established the New Bauhaus in Chicago. Mies Van der Rohe, the architect, taught at the Illinois Institute of Technology, where he also designed the new campus.
An academic architectural and decorative style taught at Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris from 1830 until 1930. The style emphasized Greek and Roman classicism, and the extensive use of ornamentation.
The Belle Époque was the period in Europe from the end of the Franco-Prussian War in 1871 to the outbreak of World War I in 1914. Considered an era of peace, prosperity, cultural enlightenment, and technological advancement, the Belle Époque is often viewed in counterpoint to the horrors of World War I and the subsequent political and economic turmoil. This is the time period of Impressionism, Art Nouveau, and the early modernist artistic movements. Particularly used in reference to jewelry design of the era.
A so called artistic movement originally comprised of the French artists Maurice de Vlaminck, André Derain, and Henri Matisse. Characterized by bold color and expressive brushwork, the term Fauvism comes from the French art critic Louis Vauxcelles, who at the 1905 exhibition of the Salon D’Automne called the artists Les Fauves, or wild beasts.
A period from 1714 to 1830, spanning the reigns of George I, II, III, and IV, in the United Kingdom. Stylistically the Georgian Period begins in the Baroque, encompassing also the Rococo, Neo-classical, and Regency styles.
Hans Hoffman (1880-1966) was a German born abstract artist, who resettled in the United States in the 1930s. Known as a teacher as well as an artist, the list of his students is a who’s who of modern art in the United States. Helen Frankenthaler, Joan Mitchell, Michael Goldberg, Wolf Kahn, Lee Krasner, and Ray Eames, to name just a few, were among his students.
Impressionism developed in France, beginning in the 1860s. The movement was concerned with conveying a fleeting impression, and the representation of the effects of color and light. Foremost among the impressionists was Claude Monet, whose painting Impression, Sunrise, in 1872, gave the movement its’ name. Although, considered radical at the time Impressionism is in many ways a continuation of the romantic tradition of the Barbizon painters. The impressionists were influenced by experiments in the treatment of light by the English artist J.M.W. Turner, and by the Japanese woodblock prints that were popular at the time. The line between impressionism and post-impressionism can be fluid, with artists who participated in both styles at various points in their careers.
A Belgian group of twenty artists known as Les Vingt or Les XX. Founded in Brussels by the lawyer Octave Maus, they staged annual exhibitions of avante-garde art from 1884-1893 as an alternative to the then conservative French Salon. Important Belgian members of Les XX included James Ensor, Henry Van der Velde, and Theo van Rysellberghe. The French artists Auguste Rodin and Paul Signac were also members. Prominent artists who exhibited with Les XX include: James Abbott McNeill Whistler, Claude Monet, Paul Gauguin, Vincent Van Gogh, Camille Pissarro, George Seurat, Henri de Toulose-Lautrec, and Pierre-Auguste Renoir.
This is the big one. To quote United States Supreme Court Justice Potter Stewart speaking on a different subject, “I know it when I see it.” Chronologically, the time period of Modernism is often given as 1870-1970. Although, it has been argued, I think convincingly, that The Monk by the Sea by the German artist Caspar David Friedrich, created between 1808 to 1810, is the first modern painting. Generally speaking, it is a departure from traditional realism and an exploration of new modes of artistic expression. Modernism encompasses a long list of artistic movements and schools: Post-impressionism, Fauvism, Blue Rider, Abstraction, Synthetic Cubism, Organic Cubism, Orphism, Expressionism, Futurism, Dada, Conceptual Art, Surrealism, Magical Realism, Precisionism, Abstract Expressionism, Color Field painting, Abstract Figurative Art, and Pop Art. I probably missed a few, but you get the idea.
New Hope was an art colony begun in the last few years of the 19th century, and named after the town of New Hope, in Pennsylvania. New Hope is a scenic area located conveniently between Philadelphia and New York, initially attracting landscape painters, and especially known for snow scenes. As time went by a schism developed between the traditionalists and the modernists. The modernists represented by artists such as Charles Frederic Ramsey and Lloyd Ney, split off to form the New Group and later The Independents. Although not part of either group, Daniel Garber is classified as a New Hope modernist.
Post-Impressionism is represented by artists such as Vincent Van Gogh, Georges Seurat, Pierre Bonnard, Paul Cézanne, Henri Matisse, and Paul Signac. Some of these artists worked in different styles at other points in their careers. Post-impressionism is the beginning of modern art, expressing the vision of the artist, rather than an optical representation of the physical world based on the 19th century romantic ideal of “the sublime.” Abstract patterns, and symbolic meanings are also characteristics of post-impressionist art, which is considered a pre-cursor to later modern art movements such as cubism and abstract expressionism.
Post-Modernism is a term that is somewhat imprecise, in part due to a lack of historical perspective. What we can say is that it tends to reject the “isms” of modern art, whether artistic or political. The participation of the viewer in the work of art, is often of importance. However, chronology alone can be an unsteady guide. For example, Marcel Duchamp’s “readymades” from the early 20th century could easily be considered Post-Modern.
King George III became incapacitated, and in 1811 the Prince Regent assumed control of the United Kingdom. Upon the death of George III in 1820, George IV succeeded to the throne. This is a distinctive period in design and art. Regency design parallels the French Empire style on the continent, a later expressionism of Neo-classicism giving way to romanticism. The term is often used more broadly than the historical years of the Regency, to refer not only to the actual years of the Regency, but to the entirety of the reigns of George IV and William IV.
The concept of “The Sublime” is of the divine manifesting itself through the direct experience of a work of art. The idea of the sublime was also applied to nature, especially in the first purely American art movement – the Hudson River School. Hudson River School painters were also influenced by the transcendentalist writings of Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau. J.M.W. Turner, the great 19th century artist of the United Kingdom who inspired the Impressionists, also sought to portray the sublime in his paintings.
It is also possible to discern a continuation of the “The Sublime” in a modern context in the works of Mark Rothko and Barnett Newman.